Each author is expected to have made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work; or have drafted the work or substantively revised it.
AND to have approved the submitted version;
AND to have agreed both to be personally accountable for the author's own contributions and to ensure that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work, even ones in which the author was not personally involved, are appropriately investigated, resolved.
Submission is taken by the journal to mean that all the listed authors have agreed all of the contents, including the author list and author contribution statements. The corresponding author is responsible for having ensured that this agreement has been reached that all authors have agreed to be so listed, and have approved the manuscript submission, and for managing all communication between the publisher and all co-authors, before and after publication. The corresponding author is also responsible for submitting a competing interests' statement.
After publication, the corresponding author is the point of contact for queries about the published material. It is their responsibility to inform all co-authors of any matters arising in relation to the published paper and to ensure such matters are dealt with promptly. Authors of published material have a responsibility to inform the journal immediately if they become aware of any aspects that requires correction.
Any changes to the author list after submission, such as a change in the order of the authors or the deletion or addition of authors, must be approved by every author.
When submitting the manuscript, the correspondent author must provide the necessary documents.
Ghost Authors, Guest Authors, and Gift Authors
A ghost author is one who is excluded from the list of authors, despite having the right to authorship.
A guest or gift author is one who is credited as the author, even though he has no attribution.
Doubts about the reality of the authorship of scientists may arise in the following cases:
based on схеме COPE «How to recognise potential authorship problems»:
- Corresponding author cannot respond to the comments of reviewers;
- changes were made by someone not on the list of authors;
- an unreasonable large number of articles (for example, review or analytical) from one author;
- several similar review articles / editorials / articles of authorship have been published under different authors;
- the role is not on the list of contributors (for example, it appears that none of the named authors was responsible for analyzing the data or drafting the article);
- an unreasonably long or short list of authors (for example, a simple report with a dozen authors or a randomized trial with one author);
- industry-funded research with no authors from the sponsoring company.
Necessary measures (measures can be taken only by general agreement with the author's team of the article):
All publisher actions will be performed according to the COPE scheme «How to recognise potential authorship problems»
- If a ghost author is identified, he must be added to the list of authors.
- If a guest author or a gift author is identified, it will need to be removed from the author and, if necessary, moved to the Acknowledgments section.
Changing the list of authors during the review of the article and after publication:
All policies are based on COPE principles
- The list of authors can be changed only if there is sufficient justification.
- The list of authors can be changed only upon receipt of an e-mail from all authors of the article, including the author who will be added or removed, and in the presence of a license agreement signed by the new authors' collective.
- If the authors interpret the rationale for the change in the team of authors differently, the author (s) will be invited to state their views in a letter and explain. All letters will be published in the public domain if their length is satisfactory and they are not defamatory. The decision to make corrections will be based on the justifications received.