In relation to the escalating war situation in Ukraine, the Government of Estonia fully supports the reception of war refugees in Estonia.

At the 28 February meeting, Minister Liina Kersna assured the Minister of Education and Research of Ukraine Serhiy Shkarlet that Estonia is ready to offer Ukrainians opportunities to continue their education in primary and general education as well as vocational and higher education.

 In addition to the democratic values of the Government of Estonia, Article 38 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child states the obligation to provide complete aid to children affected by war.According to the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia, everyone has the right to education.

Schooling is compulsory for school-age children to the extent specified by law. A child with a foreign citizenship who is of-age for compulsory education has the obligation to attend compulsory schooling in Estonia.

It is important to acknowledge that among the families arriving from the areas of the armed conflict in Ukraine, there are those who come to Estonia only for the duration of the war and wish to return home as soon as possible, as well as those families who plan to stay in Estonia for a longer period.

We will provide children and young people from Ukraine with opportunities to continue their education based on a short-term and long-term plan. In the case of the short-term plan, there is no clear expectation that the student will continue their studies in Estonia on a permanent basis, but the preconditions are set. The aim of the long-term plan is to integrate children into the local education system.

The Estonian Constitution gives parents the right to decide on matters concerning their child’s compulsory schooling. This decision includes the time of stay in Estonia, the language of instruction and the language or cultural space with which one is associated. Educational institutions and school administrators can give parents advice and introduce possibilities to help them make informed decisions.

When providing learning opportunities, we must also take into account the fact that not all people arriving from Ukraine are necessarily Ukrainian speakers, but have other mother tongues, including Russian.

We prefer to offer children and youth arriving to Estonia from Ukraine opportunities to continue their education in schools with Estonian as the language of instruction. If the parent wishes, they can also choose schools with Russian as the language of instruction.

Children and young people who have arrived in Estonia can participate in education as follows:

  • Pre-school education, in kindergartens and childcare for pre-school children (1,5-7-year-olds).
  • Basic education, in general compulsory education schools for children and young people (7-17 year-olds).
  • Upper-secondaryvocational and higher education, in upper secondary schools, vocational schools, universities of applied sciences and universities.
  • Hobby education and activities, in educational institutions, including hobby schools, in general starting from the age of 7.
  • Youth work, in youth centres for 7 to 26-year-olds.

Additional information



Ministry of Education and Research phonelines: +372 56900353 or +372 56900340 (workdays from 9am to 5pm); 

e-mail: //This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it./">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Ukrainian-language school psychologists' helpline 1227 open to calls on Wednesdays from 16-20. Estonian-language 1226, Mon-Fri from 16-20 and Russian-language 1227, Tue from 16-20.

You can find the most up-to-date information on the security situation on Estonian Government website For questions, contact the helpline 1247.